RESEARCH ARTICLE


Effect of Etidronate and Ibandronate on Cytosolic Ca2+ in HT29 and Parasite Cell Line from Echinococcus Granulosus sensu lato



Mariana Ferrulli1, Fernando Gabriel Pérez Rojo1, Lilian Andrea Granada Herrera1, Andrea Maglioco1, 2, Emilio AJ Roldán1, Alicia Graciela Fuchs1, 3, *
1 Centro de Altos Estudios en Ciencias Humanas y de la Salud (CAECIHS), Universidad Abierta Interamericana, Buenos Aires, Argentina
2 Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, CONICET, Buenos Aires, Argentina
3 Instituto Nacional de Parasitología “Dr Mario Fatala- Chaben”, ANLIS “Dr Carlos Malbrán”, Buenos Aires, Argentina


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© 2019 Ferrulli et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Centro de Altos Estudios en Ciencias Humanas y de la Salud (CAECIHS), Universidad Abierta Interamericana, Avenida Montes de Oca 745, (C1270AAH), Buenos Aires, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina; Tel: +541143015323; Fax: +541143015323; E-mail: Alicia.fuchs@uai.edu.ar


Abstract

Background:

The bisphosphonates are synthetic analogs of pyrophosphate in which two phosphates are connected through carbon instead of oxygen. They are approved compounds for the treatment of hypercalcemia, bone diseases and they have been proposed to treat infectious diseases. Bisphosphonates’ main mechanisms of action are on calcium metabolism, inhibition of protein prenylation and on ATP synthesis. In a previous work, the antiparasitic activity of bisphosphonates on a cell line from Echinococcus granulosus, sensu lato protoscoleces, 30 µM etidronate and ibandronate have antiproliferative activity after 72 h of incubation, decreasing intracellular ATP and only etidronate increased intracellular total calcium concentration.

Objective:

This work studied the effect of etidronate and ibandronate on cytoplasmic ionic calcium concentration in parasitic cell line and in HT29, cell line from human colon adenocarcinoma.

Methods:

Ionic calcium was measured by spectrofluorometric, labeling cells with Fluo-4AM. Cells were suspended in Na+ or K+ rich buffer and two calcium salts were used Cl- or Gluc-, anion permeable and impermeable, respectively.

Results:

Remarkable differences between cell lines were shown with the effect of bisphosphonates on intracellular ionic calcium concentration in hyperpolarized cells and these differences were smoothed on depolarized cells, in spite of the similar cellular response to calcium salts in absence of bisphosphonates.

Conclusion:

The bisphosphonates, mainly etidronate, decreased intracellular ionic calcium on parasitic cells explaining other aspects of their antiproliferative effect. Results suggested that other mechanism, such as Cl- and Na+ interchange are differentially affected by bisphosphonates, depending on cell line origin.

Keywords: Calcium Salts, Cytoplasmic Calcium, Echinococcus granulosus, Etidronate, HT29 Cell, Ibandronate.